Social Security Amendments of 1965

On this day in 1965,  President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Social Security Amendments of 1965 into law. This act is notable because provisions within it created Medicare and Medicaid.

Social Security Amendments of 1965, Pub. L. No. 89-97, 79 Stat. 286 (1965) (full-text of act).

For more information on the Social Security Amendments of 1965, consult the following online sources:

We also have several books in the Law Library that cover this act.


Free Federal Legal Research Resources

While many attorneys utilize Bloomberg Law, Lexis Advance, or WestlawNext to conduct federal legal research, there are plenty of free options that researchers can use to conduct legal research. Below is a selected list of free resources, organized by source type.

For additional resources, consult our Free Legal Resources research guide.

Constitution of the United States of America

United States Code

U.S. Congress Bills, Resolutions, and Reports

Code of Federal Regulations

Federal Register

Federal Case Law

  • Google Scholar (U.S. federal district, appellate, tax and bankruptcy courts since 1923 and US Supreme Court cases since 1791).

Secondary Sources (Analysis & Commentary on the Law)

Research Guides

Final Exams

flickr photo by Mic445

Summer 2015 Exams begin next week for the College of Law. To help you prepare for exams, here are links to some of our best blog posts over the past couple years on exam prep.

For the most up-to-date information on exams, consult the Exam Information webpage maintained by the Registrar’s Office.

The United States Law Week

There have been many major legal developments in the United States over the past several weeks. The Supreme Court has issued several landmark opinions in regards to healthcare, marriage, housing, and congressional redistricting. In addition, the U.S. Congress has debated and passed notable pieces of legislation related to trade authority and national security. Moreover, several executive agencies have issued notices, proposed rules, and final regulations regarding topics such as contracting with inverted corporations and overtime pay.

The United States Law Week, published by Bloomberg BNA, is an excellent source for keeping up with key legal developments. This weekly publication provides news and analysis, Supreme Court docket summaries, and several other useful tools for staying abreast of recent legal news. One well known feature of this resource is its “Circuit Splits” table, which provides a monthly summary of splits between the federal courts on significant legal issues. Circuit splits is excellent way to forecast which issues may find their way in front of the Supreme Court of the United States.

You can access the United States Law Week online through Bloomberg BNA (GSU Campus ID and Password Required) or through Bloomberg Law (Username and Password Required).

Summer School Access & Assistance

The law library faculty and staff have completed their move over to the new building, but most of the library collection is still in transit, and large portions of the new law library are still under construction. Therefore, for the time being, only students enrolled in summer classes and students needing assistance with summer research assignments will have limited access to the law library.

Study Aids and Reserve Items

To utilize the study aids and the reserve collection, students must show their Panther ID and sign in at the security desk at building’s entrance. Students must then take the elevator directly to the 5th floor, and proceed to the main service desk for assistance.

Reference Assistance

Students needing reference assistance can contact the reference librarians by chat reference, email, phone, or in person. Of the four, chat reference is by far the best method to communicate with us during this transition period.

To access chat reference, students should click on the chat reference tab, located on the left side of the Law Library’s homepage:

Chat Reference Arrow
Once you click on the red tab, a chat box will pop out from the side of the screen.
Chat Reference


While the Circulation and Reference phones are currently inoperable, you can contact the librarians directly using their office phone numbers or their email addresses. This information is provided on the Law Library’s Directory webpage.

We encourage students needing in-person reference assistance to contact us ahead of time by chat or email. To access the law library for reference assistance, students must show their Panther ID and sign in at the security desk at building’s entrance. Students must then take the elevator directly to the 5th floor, and proceed to the main service desk for assistance.

Printing, Scanning, and Computer Access

The printers, KIC scanners, and computers are currently inoperable, but we encourage students to utilize the options available in the University Library. The University Library’s Computing webpage provides information on current computer availability, and also printer locations.

To locate the University Library, refer to the Campus Map.

Continuing Updates

For the most up-to-date information about the law library, follow us on Facebook or Twitter.

Farewell Urban Life Building

Today marks the last day in the Urban Life Building for the College of Law Library. Starting Monday, June 22, 2015, the Law Library will operate out of the top two floors of the new College of Law building. Here are a few images to remind everyone of our time in the Urban Life Building.

Urban Life Building

Urban Life Building


Urban Life Law Library, 1st Floor


Urban Life Law Library, 1st Floor

Urban Life Law Library Computer Lab

Former GSU Law Librarians

2009 Law Library Faculty & Staff

2009 Law Library Faculty & Staff

2012 KIC Scanner Delivery

2nd Floor Flood

2nd Floor Flood, Former Assoc. Dir. Ron Wheeler

GSU Law Week, April 2013

2013 Mario Kart Tournament

Current Law Librarians at the Reference Desk

Former Director Nancy Johnson and Dean Steve Kaminshine @ Groundbreaking Ceremony

Groundbreaking Ceremony, Former Dir. Nancy Johnson & Dean Steve Kaminshine

New College of Law Building

New College of Law Building

One last stroll through the Law Library in the Urban Life Building



2015 Summary of General Statutes

The Legislative Services Committee and the Office of Legislative Counsel for the Georgia General Assembly recently published a preliminary copy of the Summary of General Statutes Enacted at the 2015 Session of the General Assembly of Georgia (index so far not included).

The Summary of General Statutes includes concise summaries of Acts of state-wide application enacted during an assembly session. The Acts are organized by the title they amend in the Official Code of Georgia Annotated (O.C.G.A.). Information provided includes the Act and bill numbers, a brief summary, the citation for the code section enacted or amended, and the effective date. The Summary of General Statutes also includes a table of O.C.G.A. sections enacted, amended, and repealed.

Attorneys and researchers can use the Summary of General Statutes to determine the following:

  1. Which O.C.G.A. titles (ex. Title 24, Evidence) do or do not contain any alterations
  2. Which O.C.G.A. sections were enacted, amended, or repealed by an Act
  3. Effective date of an Act

Determining the effective date of an Act is significant for two reasons. First, O.C.G.A. § 1-3-4 provides that, unless specified in an Act, Acts approved “by the Governor or which becomes law without his approval on or after the first day of January and prior to the first day of July of a calendar year shall become effective on the first day of July.” Therefore, an attorney would want to determine if the Act takes effect prior to July 1st. Second, if the Act does take effect prior to July 1st, an attorney will need to make sure any print or online code they are referring to contains the new language, and if not, they will need to locate a copy of the new language.

Quite often there is a significant gap between the enactment of Acts, their effective dates, and the publication of amendments in the O.C.G.A. When this occurs, researchers will need to use the Georgia General Assembly’s Signed by Governor webpage to locate the enacted version of the Acts that take effect prior to their publication in the O.C.G.A. An example of an Act that is currently in effect and not yet published in the O.C.G.A. is “Haleigh’s Hope Act,” which took effect on April 16, 2015.