Georgia State University Joins HathiTrust

Print Georgia State University is now a member of HathiTrust, a partnership between research institutions to provide online access to a vast searchable collection of materials digitized from libraries around the world. The HathiTrust Digital Library currently contains over 16 million volumes, of which approximately 37% are in the public domain.

Membership in HathiTrust means that Georgia State University researchers gain access to the full range of HathiTrust features, such as expanded full-text downloading of public domain and Creative Commons-licensed works, creation of custom collections, and special access to in-copyright materials for users with print disabilities. The HathiTrust Research Center supports computational analysis using the works in the HathiTrust Digital Library.

One of HathiTrust’s major collections is of federal government documents. As of January 1, 2018, the HathiTrust Digital Library contained over 1 million federal documents. These documents include a wealth of historical agency materials previously unavailable digitally. The ultimate goal of the HathiTrust U.S. Federal Government Documents Program is to build a complete digital collection of federal documents previously distributed to libraries in print.

Networking Tips

Networking is so uncomfortable for some of us.  So how does one get good at it?  How do some people breeze through it and really enjoy it?  Do they come up with things to talk about because their lives are more interesting?  Did their parents forget to teach them not to talk to strangers?  Are they just naturals?



By geralt ( [CC0 or CC0], via Wikimedia Commons

Some people probably are just naturals.  After all, a big part of networking is being genuine and some people are more open and talkative naturally.  The rest of it is just practice and confidence, and you know from experience that confidence increases with practice.   The law school provides us with a lot of great networking opportunities.  If you’re either skipping them or attending but not making connections, you’re missing out.  As much as you may not want to do it, the opportunities are there because it is important.

Networking moves you from being a piece of paper in a stack of resumes to “a great guy that Dave knows” or from being a brand new green associate among many to one who is getting referrals and bringing in new clients.

So what do you have to do?  How can you get better at it?

Change your attitude.  Think about the real definition of networking:  a supportive system of sharing information and services among individuals and groups having a common interest. – It recognizes that both sides are bringing something valuable.  That’s right.  One of the best things you can do is go in thinking about what you can offer, not just what you may get.  Yes, you need a job, but they need great new associates.  Yes, that lawyer is an expert in tax, but she has a question about her friend’s divorce and you just finished family law.  See where I’m going with this?   Go into it thinking about what you’ve got to offer.

Be willing to work at it until it comes naturally.  Prepare like you would for a class or interview.  Look at who is going to be at the event, learn some things about them or their group, and have some open-ended questions in mind as conversation starters.  You don’t want to get stuck talking about traffic and weather.

Find the bar.  Yup, really.  Don’t get drunk, but get a drink so that you have something to do with your hands, and sip it.  And hang out near the bar.  Everyone will go there and you’ll have a chance to strike up conversation with people coming and going.

Balance your talking and listening.  This is tough.  You’ve always learned that you should get people to open up and talk and that people love to talk about themselves, and it’s true, but you owe a little sharing, too, and you do need to let them know some things about you.  Try to keep the convo balanced by asking open-ended questions and responding with more than yes/no even if someone else’s questions aren’t as good as yours.

Smile.  This seems so easy, but it’s worth saying again because when we get nervous, or when we are listening intently, we tend to frown a little.  Consciously think about it and keep smiling!

Quality – not quantity.  You may believe that you are supposed to talk to every person in the room or hand out as many cards or make as many new acquaintances as you can, but no.  Talk to a few people and make real connections.  Networking is about a support system.  You will go to other events and meet everyone eventually.  Build a good foundation by making a few quality connections.

Bring a wingman.  Start the event with a friend.  You’ll both feel more confident right away and you’ll never be stuck without someone to talk to.  As you both get more comfortable, you’ll be able to break away and both speak with other people.

Be yourself.  Yes, you want to put on your best, but hopefully you are developing relationships and people will get you know you eventually.  If you start out being yourself, people will see that you are genuine and like you more for it.

Follow up.  Depending on who you meet and how formal or informal the event, follow up with the people you met with a phone call, note, or (when appropriate) social media contact.  People should know that you enjoyed meeting them, remember them, and would enjoy seeing them again.    Offer something to them without expecting anything in return.  It doesn’t have to be big, you could attach a link.  “Check out the article I found about (that subject we were discussing)” or something similar can jog their memory of you and set you apart from others who may also follow up.

Hopefully these tips will help you make the most of your networking events so that they are a little less painful and eventually, even fun!

Are you a natural?  What advice do you have for the rest of us?

When Grades Don’t Matter

In case you missed it, grades for the fall semester were released last Thursday at 5PM (er, ok, maybe not EXACTLY at 5PM). But chances are, you didn’t miss it. In fact, you dreaded waking up Thursday morning because you already anticipated the heavy cloud that would hang over you until 5PM arrived. You anticipated the pit in your stomach as you signed into PAWS, half-hoping the site would crash and all grades would magically be erased. But what if they actually were erased? What if all the work you put in for fourteen weeks didn’t come down to a single letter grade, often determined only by a final exam?

Several prestigious law schools, such as Harvard, Yale, and Stanford, are doing just that. Although these schools often still administer a curve, the final grade is simply often “Pass” or “Fail,” with some variation for distinguished performers, usually those in the top 10% of a class.

On the surface, this seems like a dream. Imagine only needing to compete for a “Pass” instead of for one of only two A’s to be distributed in a class. This would certainly take the pressure off those students who don’t perform well on tests, as well as those who feel that law school exams do not adequately measure their level of comprehension of a subject. It also eliminates any penalty for those otherwise high-ranking students with the occasional blemish on their transcript for a class where they simply did not do well.

But this system poses a serious problem – without class rank and a competitive GPA, how do you market yourself when it comes time to apply for jobs? How do you differentiate yourself from literally every other person in your graduating class? Elite law schools are able to get away with this because they consider every student as elite and demand for their lower ranked graduates is still strong. Students graduating from second-tier law schools, however, do not have this luxury. For us, being able to show an employer (especially a BigLaw employer) how well we did when measured against our peers is essential to job placement. A graded top-performer is able to go into job interviews with tangible evidence of his academic distinctions and thus is able to take advantage of a greater number of job prospects.

Although the pressure faced during our three (or four) years of law school may be greater due to the constant anxiety surrounding grades and rank, this pressure mimics the reality of what competition in the real world looks like. There is often an absurd amount of work that comes along with expectations of perfect execution, a reality where only the top performers advance. The competition we face now, as stressful as it may be, will only prepare us for the reality of an aggressive and often unforgiving workplace.

ALERT Program: Spring Lineup

The spring ALERT program topics and dates:

ALERT Spring Update

What is the Alert Program?

ALERT (Applied Legal Experience, Research, & Technology) is a non-credit program that provides law students additional opportunities outside of the College of Law’s curriculum to learn legal research and technology skills.

By completing the ALERT Program, students can demonstrate to potential employers that they have obtained practice ready skills. Students will have their entire law school term to complete the program.

Levels of Completion:

With Distinction: Complete 6 Topics
With High Distinction: Complete 8 Topics
With Highest Distinction: Complete 10 Topics

For more information, or to RSVP please see:




You have just spent the last 3 months with your new best friends – your classmates.  You have cried with them, argued (“debated”) with them, and even occasionally laughed with them (probably harder than you should have at law school memes and inside jokes).  As you head into finals and the study time increases, so do the bonds of friendship.  No one on the outside of these glass walls can understand what the past 3 months have been like, but now that you have to immerse yourself back into the world of people not concerned with discussing eggshell skulls, how will you survive?  How will you endure the family gatherings and Aunt Ida and Uncle Jim asking you how your semester went, how did you do on your exams (which of course you won’t have a grade for until January), why haven’t you called, the uncomfortable you-look-tired statements, and of course all the questions about the law that you haven’t covered yet… you survive by keeping your law school friends close.

You are probably thinking that you can’t wait to get away from all the study and legal talk and there is no way you will even want to think about law school for the entire break, but believe me, you will feel lost without your classmates.  It is a strange feeling for sure, but after you decompress from finals, you will find yourself floating and needing your classmates to help you navigate the real world.

When you are sitting at the family table and nobody gets your jokes, text your classmates.  They will understand.  It is hard to explain, but your brain has been rewired, you look at the world differently and although it’s sad to say; only your classmates will understand.  They are the only ones who will get the joke from Lawyering Foundations Class about the stupid dog, they are the only ones who understand when your Great Aunt with the red lipstick kisses you and you start yelling “Battery”.  You will need at least one get together with the people who understand and appreciate your new mind.

Break won’t come for another month, but now is the time to start planning a gathering (or at least set up your group chat).  There are some really fun things to do in and around Atlanta – but as busy as everyone will be over the break, it’s smart to set up that playdate now.  Here are some suggestions for a good day of fun with your classmates:



A combination of bumper cars and lacrosse.  You can get pizza and wings and they even have a bar package– but call ahead for reservations.   You will need a group of at least 10.


Get your own bay for up to 6 people and enjoy golf, food and drinks.  100+ climate-controlled hitting bays, full-service restaurant and bars, rooftop terrace with fire pit, over 200 HDTVs, free Wi-Fi.



The seventh annual electrical extravaganza features spectacular light displays throughout the Garden, including the new high-tech Nature’s Wonders, illuminating the world’s natural phenomena through countless strands of synchronized dancing lights strung high over Storza Woods


Spend the afternoon picnicking, going for a bike ride, or just enjoying the day outside.  Plan a picnic – there are 22 grills provided throughout the park!  Pick a spot and play some Frisbee, too.



The Stone Mountain Christmas activities will be in full force.  Or, climb Stone Mountain for breathtaking views.  If you are really wanting to get away from the real world, they even offer hotel packages for a full weekend of fun.


Atlantic Station hasn’t announced opening dates, but they should be up soon.  You can always google “outdoor ice skating rinks in Atlanta” and find a different rink (I think I found about 7 others when I searched – remember Centennial Olympic Park is closed for renovations).  Rumor has it there will even be ice skating at the Ponce City Market this year!

Preparing for your Final Exam


As Exams approach you will be inundated with a myriad of advice about study tips; which supplement is the best, how each professors prefers their answers, and so on, but there is one piece of advice everyone forgets to mention:


I know, I know, there is not enough time in the day and you have to stay up later than usual to study.  Everyone in Law School knows you don’t sleep during the exam period and you are panicking because you just realized you only have 2 weeks to get everything in your head but guess what – your brain won’t work if you don’t take care of it!

This shouldn’t be news to you.  I’m sure your parents set a bedtime (and not just because they needed adult time) because they knew getting a good night’s sleep is important.  One of the first sleep studies was done in 1896 at the University of Iowa.  The fascination with sleep and learning has been going strong ever since![1]  However, as smart as we law students think we are, we don’t listen to the experts when we are pulling all-nighters to cram for our exams.

It has been proven that sleep deprivation impedes your capacity to complete difficult cognitive tasks–  like our final exams.  Even worse, all the studying you do while super-sleepy is not going to stick, so you are going to end up restudying everything and will STILL be tired and cranky.  So just be smart – get some sleep and start fresh in the morning.

Don’t believe me or your parents?  How about Harvard Doctors:

The Impact of Sleep Deprivation on Learning and Performance

Another area that researchers study is the impact that a lack of adequate sleep has on learning and memory. When we are sleep deprived, our focus, attention, and vigilance drift, making it more difficult to receive information. Without adequate sleep and rest, over-worked neurons can no longer function to coordinate information properly, and we lose our ability to access previously learned information.

In addition, our interpretation of events may be affected. We lose our ability to make sound decisions because we can no longer accurately assess the situation, plan accordingly, and choose the correct behavior. Judgment becomes impaired.

Being chronically tired to the point of fatigue or exhaustion means that we are less likely to perform well. Neurons do not fire optimally, muscles are not rested, and the body’s organ systems are not synchronized. Lapses in focus from sleep deprivation can even result in accidents or injury.

Low-quality sleep and sleep deprivation also negatively impact mood, which has consequences for learning. Alterations in mood affect our ability to acquire new information and subsequently to remember that information. Although chronic sleep deprivation affects different individuals in a variety of ways (and the effects are not entirely known), it is clear that a good night’s rest has a strong impact on learning and memory.[2]

Got your attention?  Now the question is: how do I shut down and actually get some rest?  Personally, my biggest problem is turning off my brain.  I lay down and my mind just speeds up.  I found some tips and have even tried a couple, especially turning off technology (sigh).  That one seemed to work the best for me.  Check out the list below, get some rest, and get some A’s on those exams.  Good Luck!

  • 30 minutes before bed stop using all technology. Shut off the cell phone, close the laptop, and don’t even use a Kindle. The lights are keeping your mind moving, so no TV either.
  • Read a print book. It’s very old fashioned but it will help (I have found Civ Pro puts me right to sleep).  Seriously, nothing that stirs the brain, just light reading.
  • Go to sleep as soon as you start feeling sleepy. If you wait you will kick into second gear and be up for even longer.
  • Try a weighted blanket, which molds to your body and the weight actually helps your nervous system relax.
  • Try aromatherapy. I hear that lavender is the best. You can take a nice hot bath with some lavender oil, spray your pillows, or just lightly spritz the bedroom with whichever scent you prefer.
  • Cut out the sugar and caffeine before bedtime. Try to keep limit your intake after 4 pm.  I know you need the afternoon boost, but try a healthy energy snack like an apple with peanut butter or dried fruits and nuts instead.[3]
  • Get in your PJ’s and have a soothing cup of Chamomile tea (remember no sugar).
  • Really old fashioned here, but a nice glass of warm milk.
  • This is a little weird but… the a study from the University of Glasgow said to lay in bed with your eyes open trying to keep yourself awake will actually make you fall asleep faster (playing reverse psychology with your own mind… who knew?).

Put some socks on those piggies!  When your feet are cold that means the blood is not flowing to your extremities and all the heat stays in your core, so warm up those little toes and get the blood flowing.  This releases heat from your body and helps you relax

[1] Patrick, G. T. & Gilbert, J. A. On the effects of loss of sleep. Psychol. Rev., 1896, 3: 469–483.



Authored by Kimberly Carabotta & edited by Sarah Malkin